Amphibians and Reptiles of Canada

This page provides an up-to-date list of the amphibian and reptile species that occur in Canada and is based on the following publications:

Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in our Understanding, Seventh Edition.

 

Noms Français Standardisés des Amphibiens et des Reptiles D'Amérique du Nord au Nord du Méxique.

 

The official names provided in these publications and on this page are used by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada and the federal Species at Risk Act, and they are considered to be the official English and French names for these species in Canada.

We are still in the process of creating the species pages, which will include information on the identification, distribution, biology and conservation status of these species. In the meantime, the previous versions of the species accounts can be found at the CARCNET website. (Note that the names and information on the CARCNET website may be somewhat outdated).  

Caudata — Salamanders

Scientific Name English Name French Name
No Photo Ambystoma sp. Ambystoma Unisexual Salamanders
Aneides vagrans Wandering Salamander Salamandre errant
Ambystoma gracile Northwestern Salamander Salamandre foncée
Ambystoma jeffersonianum Jefferson Salamander Salamadre de Jefferson
Ambystoma laterale Blue-spotted Salamander Salamandre pointes bleus
Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum Eastern Long-toed Salamander Salamandre à longs doigts à l'Est
Ambystoma macrodactylum krausei Northern Long-toed Salamander Salamandre longs doigts du Nord
Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum Western Long-toed Salamander Salamandre à longs doigts à l'Ouest
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander Salamandre maculae
No Photo Ambystoma mavortium diaboli Gray Tiger Salamander Salamandre tigrée grise
Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum Blotched Tiger Salamander Salamandre tigré à éclaboussures
Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander Salamandre à petite bouche

Ambystoma tigrinum Eastern Tiger Salamander Salamandre tigrée de l'Est
Desmognathus fuscus Northern Dusky Salamander Salamandre sombre du Nord
Desmognathus ochrophaeus Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander Salamandre sombre des Montagnes
Dicamptodon tenebrosus Coastal Giant Salamander Grand Salamandre du Nord
Ensatina eschscholtzii oregonensis Oregon Ensatina Salamandre variable
Eurycea bislineata Northern Two-lined Salamander Salamandre à deux lignes du Nord
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Northern Spring Salamander Salamandre pourpre
Necturus maculosus Mudpuppy Necture tacheté
Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander Salamandre à quatre orteils
Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Red-spotted Newt Triton vert
No Photo Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis Central Newt Triton central
Plethodon cinereus Eastern Red-backed Salamander Salamandre cendrée
No Photo Plethodon idahoensis Couer d'Alène Salamander Salamandre de Couer d'Alène
Plethodon vehiculum Western Red-backed Salamander Salamandre à dos rayée
Taricha granulosa Rough-skinned Newt Triton rugueux

top of page




Anura — Frogs and Toads

Scientific Name English Name French Name
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog Rainette grillon de Blanchard
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad Crapaud d'Amérique
Anaxyrus boreas Western Toad Crapaud de l'Ouest
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad Crapaud des Grandes Plaines
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad Crapaud de Fowler
No Photo Anaxyrus hemiophrys Canadian Toad Crapaud du Canada
No Photo Ascaphus montanus Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog Grenouille-à-queue des Rocheuses
No Photo Ascaphus truei Coastal Tailed Frog Grenouille-à-queue côtière
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog Rainette criarde
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog Rainette versicolore
Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog Ouarouaron
Lithobates clamitans Green Frog Grenouille verte
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog Grenouille des marais
Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog Grenouille léopard du Nord
Lithobates septentrionalis Mink Frog Grenouille du Nord
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog Grenouille des bois
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper Rainette crucifère
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog Rainette faux-grillon Boréale
Pseudacris regilla Pacific Treefrog Rainette du Pacifique
Pseudacris triseriata Western Chorus Frog Rainette faux-grillon de l'Ouest
Rana aurora Northern Red-legged Frog Grenouille à pattes rouges du Nord
No Photo Rana luteiventris Columbia Spotted Frog Grenouille maculée de Columbia
No Photo Rana pretiosa Oregon Spotted Frog Grenouille maculée de l'Oregon
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot Crapaud pied-bêche des Plaines
No Photo Spea intermontana Great Basin Spadefoot Crapaud pied-bêche du Grand Bassin

top of page




Testudines — Turtles

Scientific Name English Name French Name

Extirpated from Canada
Actinemys marmorata Western Pond Turtle Tortue de l'Ouest
Apalone spinifera Spiny Softshell Tortue molle à épines
No Photo Caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle Tortue caouanne
No Photo Chelonia mydas Green Sea Turtle Tortue verte
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle Tortue serpentine
Chrysemys picta bellii Western Painted Turtle Tortue peinte de l'Ouest
Chrysemys picta marginata Midland Painted Turtle Tortue peinte du Centre
Chrysemys picta picta Eastern Painted Turtle Tortue peinte de l'Est
Clemmys guttata Spotted Turtle Tortue ponctuée
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Sea Turtle Tortue luth
Emydoidea blandingii Blanding's Turtle Tortue mouchetée
Glyptemys insculpta Wood Turtle Tortue des bois
Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle Tortue géographique du Nord
No Photo Lepidochelys kempii Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle Tortue de Kemp
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle Tortue musquée
Terrapene carolina Eastern Box Turtle Tortue boit de l'Est

Introduced
Trachemys scripta elegans Red-eared Slider Tortue à oreilles rouges

top of page

Squamata — Lizards

Scientific Name English Name French Name
Elgaria coerulea Northern Alligator Lizard Lézard Alligator du Nord

Extirpated from Canada
Phrynosoma douglasii Pygmy Short-horned Lizard Lézard à petites cornes mineur
Phrynosoma hernandesi Greater Short-horned Lizard Lézard à petites cornes majeur
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink Scinque pentaligne commun
No Photo Plestiodon septentrionalis Northern Prairie Skink Scinque des prairies
Plestiodon skiltonianus Western Skink Scinque de l'Ouest

Introduced
Podarcis muralis Common Wall Lizard Lézard-des-Murailles

top of page

Squamata — Snakes

Scientific Name English Name French Name
Charina bottae Northern Rubber Boa Boa caoutchouc du Nord
Coluber constrictor flaviventris Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer Couleuvre agile à ventre jaune de l'Est
Coluber constrictor foxii Blue Racer Couleuvre agile bleue
Coluber constrictor mormon Western Yellow-bellied Racer Couleuvre agile à ventre jaune de l'Ouest
Contia tenuis Common Sharp-tailed Snake Couleuvre à queue pointue commune

Extirpated from Canada
Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake Crotale des bois
Crotalus oreganus Western Rattlesnake Crotale de l'Ouest
Crotalus viridis Prairie Rattlesnake Crotale des prairies
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake Couleuvre à collier
Heterodon nasicus Plains Hog-nosed Snake Couleuvre à groin des plaines
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Hog-nosed Snake Couleuvre à groin de l'Est
No Photo Hypsiglena chlorophaea Desert Nightsnake Couleuvre nocturne du desert
Lampropeltis triangulum Milksnake Couleuvre annelée
Nerodia sipedon insularum Lake Erie Watersnake Couleuvre d'eau du lac Érié
Nerodia sipedon sipedon Northern Watersnake Couleuvre d'eau du Nord
Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake Couleuvre verte lisse
Pantherophis vulpinus Eastern Foxsnake Couleuvre fauve de l'Est
Pantherophis spiloides Gray Ratsnake Couleuvre ratière grise
No Photo
Extirpated from Canada
Pituophis catenifer catenifer Pacific Gophersnake Couleuvre gaufre du Pacifique
Pituophis catenifer deserticola Great Basin Gophersnake Couleuvre gaufre du Grand Bassin
Pituophis catenifer sayi Bullsnake Couleuvre gaufre de Say
Regina septemvittata Queensnake Couleuvre souveraine
Sistrurus catenatus Massasauga Massasauga
Storeria dekayi Dekay's Brownsnake Couleuvre brune de Dekay
Storeria occipitomaculata Red-bellied Snake Couleuvre à ventre rouge
Thamnophis butleri Butler's Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée de Butler
Thamnophis elegans Terrestrial Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée terrestre
Thamnophis ordinoides Northwestern Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée du Nord-Ouest
No Photo Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée des Plaines
Thamnophis sauritus Eastern Ribbonsnake Couleuvre mince de l'Est
Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi Valley Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée de la vallée
No Photo Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus Maritime Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée des Maritimes
No Photo Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis Red-sided Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée à flancs rouges
Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii Puget Sound Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée de Puget Sound
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Eastern Gartersnake Couleuvre rayée de l'Est

top of page